This is your guide on risk management in Latin America for businesses. As companies expand into this diverse and rapidly growing region, they must navigate a complex landscape of legal, cultural, and economic challenges. There are many risks involved in doing business in Latin America, but with the right strategies and partners, they can be effectively managed.

Underestimating or neglecting these risks and obstacles can put your business expansion at risk and severely affect your operations in the region. In this blog post, we will delve into the various risks that businesses may encounter in the region, and provide practical solutions and best practices for addressing them. From navigating local laws and regulations, to protecting against fraud and corruption, this guide is designed to provide businesses with essential steps for managing those risks. 

So, join us on this journey as we explore the ins and outs of risk management in Latin America.

The Complex Landscape of Risks in Latin America

It is difficult to generalize risks across an entire continent, as each country and region has its own unique socioeconomic, political, natural, financial, and cultural risks. However, there are specific challenges that businesses planning to expand to Latin America should be aware of. No matter where, in Mexico, Panama, or even Paraguay, expanding your business or hiring talent will bring risks.

Nevertheless, there are specific challenges that businesses planning to expand to Latin America should be aware of, here is a list with relevant items:

Understand the language and culture: One of the biggest risks for businesses operating in Latin America is a lack of understanding of the local language and culture. This can lead to misunderstandings, miscommunication, and cultural faux pas. To mitigate this risk, businesses should invest in language and cultural training for employees, such as hiring local staff, partnering with a local translation and interpretation service, and hiring a local cultural consultant to advise on business practices. Tip: additional strategy here, is having the advocacy and expertise of a local partner, with enough knowledge of location, culture and legislation.

Be aware of bureaucracy: Latin America is known for its bureaucratic red tape, which can make it difficult for businesses to navigate the legal and regulatory landscape. To manage this risk, businesses should invest in legal and regulatory compliance services, and work with local lawyers and accountants who understand the bureaucracy and can help navigate it. It’s also indispensable to establish a good relationship with government officials.

Socioeconomic vulnerabilities: Widespread youth disillusionment is a significant concern that is impacting many locations, but especially Latin America. Additionally, increasing inflation is widening the gap between the wealthy and the underprivileged; further impacting the already struggling middle class in most places such as Mexico, Colombia or even Perú. This leads to a sense of uncertainty and instability for individuals and families, as they confront unresolved issues and fragmentation.

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Risk Management Process

The above-mentioned list of risks is obviously not exhaustive. However, its unique risk composition makes it crucial for companies to have an elaborated risk management plan readily available. Risk management literature is extensive, and many frameworks have been developed over the decades. But in general, the more common risk management process looks like this:

  1. Understand the risks: The first step in managing risks is to identify and understand them. This includes both external and internal risks. External risks include factors such as political instability, economic downturns, and natural disasters. Internal risks include factors such as financial mismanagement, fraud, and employee misconduct. By understanding the risks, businesses can develop a plan to mitigate or manage them. As mentioned earlier, this step is different in every country, and it depends on the sector your business is operating in. 
  2. Develop a risk management plan: Once the risks have been identified, businesses should develop a plan to manage them. Additionally, businesses should also have a response plan in place in case a risk does occur, outlining the steps to be taken and who is responsible for implementing them. The response plan should also include procedures for assessing the impact of the event, and any necessary follow-up actions. Regularly reviewing and updating the risk management plan is crucial, as it ensures that it stays current with the latest threats and vulnerabilities and that the response plan is up-to-date with the latest industry standards and best practices.
  3. Implement risk management controls: The next step is to implement risk management controls. These can include financial controls, such as budgeting and forecasting, as well as operational controls, such as procedures for handling and storing sensitive information. Businesses should also invest in technology to help them manage risks, such as risk management software and security systems.
  4.  Build a risk-aware culture: It is important for businesses to build a culture of risk awareness among employees. This includes educating employees on the risks that the company faces and encouraging them to report any potential risks they identify. A risk-aware culture can help businesses to identify and manage risks more effectively.

The Ultimate Strategy for Achieving Risk Management in Your Business

Failed risk management because of not using a local business partner can lead to a number of dangers, including:

Lack of understanding of local laws and regulations: Local partners are familiar with the legal and regulatory environment of the country or region in which they operate, which can help a company avoid costly mistakes and compliance issues.

Cultural misunderstandings: Local partners can help a company navigate the cultural nuances of the market, which can be essential for building successful relationships with customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders.

Difficulty building a local network: Local partners can help a company establish connections with key players in the market, such as government officials, industry leaders, and potential customers.

Lack of local market insights: Local partners can provide valuable insights into the competitive landscape, consumer preferences, and other factors that can impact a company’s success in a market.

Difficulty in managing risks: Partnerships with locals can help a company identify and mitigate risks associated with doing business in a foreign market, such as currency fluctuations, political instability, and supply chain disruptions.

Missed opportunities for cost savings and revenue growth: Local partners can help a company identify and capitalize on cost-saving opportunities and revenue-generating opportunities that may not be immediately apparent to an outsider.


In conclusion, risk management is crucial for businesses operating in Latin America. Specific challenges to consider include a lack of understanding of the local language and culture, bureaucratic red tape, and socioeconomic vulnerabilities. To manage these risks, businesses should establish a sustainable risk management process. One effective way to achieve this is by partnering with a company that specializes in these services, such as Ongresso. We provide language and cultural training, legal and regulatory compliance, and government relations services to help businesses mitigate potential risks. They also have local experts in each country who have a deep understanding of the local market and can provide valuable insights and advice. Choosing Ongresso as a partner can greatly benefit your business by providing the necessary tools and expertise to succeed in the Latin American market.